Posted by MST Services. Over the last twenty years, the United States has seen a steady drop in crime rates, including in juvenile crime. From the peak offense era of the s to today, juvenile crime arrests have dropped across the board in leaps and bounds. The continuously falling crime rates are not necessaril y attributable to any one particular action or policy, however, which leads to some debate among activists and lawmakers over which policies are making the biggest differences to help with this issue. There are a few contributing factors, however, that do show significant impact upon juvenile crime rate reduction. One proposed reason behind the falling juvenile crime rate is the increased attention being given to at-risk or troubled juveniles before they end up arrested for committing a crime. By watching for risk factors that indicate a youth is on a path to becoming a juvenile offender, family and community members have the opportunity to intervene and send the youth to services aimed at preventing system involvement.
Estimated number of juvenile arrests,
Though it has been suggested that spikes in crime rates for teens and young adults in the United States are a result of teens being biologically predisposed to risky, law-breaking behavior, a new study indicates that culture may play a role in shaping the criminal behavior of teenagers. In the United States, which tends to be more individualistic, for example, involvement in crime tends to peak in middle-to-late teens and then declines, says Darrell Steffensmeier, liberal arts research professor of sociology and criminology at Penn State. In Taiwan, which has more of a collectivist culture with less separation between generations, however, the crime rate does not dramatically peak at the same ages as it does in the US. Participation in most crimes in Taiwan tends to reach a high point in the late 20s or early 30s, he adds.
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Juvenile delinquency , also known " juvenile offending ", is the act of participating in unlawful behavior as minors juveniles, i. A juvenile delinquent in the United States is a person who is typically below 18 17 in Georgia , New York , Michigan , Missouri , North Carolina , New Hampshire , Texas , and Wisconsin years of age and commits an act that otherwise would have been charged as a crime if they were an adult. Depending on the type and severity of the offense committed, it is possible for people under 18 to be charged and treated as adults.
Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Since the late s, there has been growing concern about crimes committed by young people. News accounts of serious crimes committed by children and adolescents and criminologists' warnings of a coming tide of vicious juveniles—sometimes referred to as superpredators see, e. Reacting to evidence of increases in juvenile violence, state and federal legislators have proposed, and most states have passed, laws that make the juvenile system more punitive and that allow younger children and adolescents to be transferred to the adult system for a greater variety of offenses and in a greater variety of ways discussed in Chapter 5.