Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. Learn more. SF12 assessed quality of life. Prevalence of persistent FI was 6. Women with persistent FI had significantly lower SF12 scores. Compared with only spontaneous vaginal deliveries, women who had one or more forceps delivery were more likely to have persistent FI odds ratio [OR] 2. More obese women than normal weight women reported persistent FI OR 1.
Episiotomy pain should subside within two weeks but discomfort may continue for months. The following remedies can help relieve pain, promote healing, and prevent episiotomy problems. Apply ice packs to your perineum. Ice is effective in reducing swelling and also relieves pain because of its numbing effect. It is especially important to apply ice during the first 12 hours after giving birth.
The connection between incontinence and childbirth has been assumed for a long time. When gynecologists see women for problems of incontinence, we are not surprised to find the most severe problems often in those women who had many children or who delivered large babies. Recently doctors started working out the details of these relationships and are looking for the specific reasons why some women go on to develop incontinence and other women never have this problem. As the baby grows, the enlarging uterus causes pressure on the bladder below it.
Introduction The structures of the pelvis go through dramatic changes during pregnancy and at the time of vaginal childbirth. For vaginal childbirth to occur, the baby must be able to fit past the pelvic muscles and connective tissue. There is usually some amount of stretching or tearing that allows this to happen. Currently, changes in obstetric practice related to pelvic floor function are very controversial.